“Summative assessment is to formative assessment as an autopsy is to a physical.” – Doug Reeves (2001)
We use the metaphor of GPS (Global Positioning Systems) to focus on the importance of using assessment to drive instruction.
- You enter your destination; that is akin to the curricular standard.
- A satellite signal identifies where you are starting; that is the role of pre-assessment.
- The GPS lays out a path for you to follow; the teacher devises an instructional path.
- Throughout your trip, the GPS sends out a satellite signal to track your progress, modifying the path where necessary; a masterful teacher uses continual formative assessment to track student progress and revises the instructional plan as needed
IDE Corp. recommends four types of formative assessments: check-ins, breakpoints, student-reported, and comprehensive. As a result of that data collection, teachers must modify the instructional plan to ensure that all students achieve their academic goals. This requires the ability to differentiate instruction.
Consider . . .
• Designing quarterly performance-based assessments that align with the Common Core State Standards
• Using formative assessment to drive instruction
Resources for you . . .
• Download IDE’s Four Types of Formative Assessment